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 Depdendent Variable

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 Dependent Variable

 Number of inequalities to solve: 23456789
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# Write Linear Equations in Standard Form

Goal • Use point-slope form to write equations in
standard form.

## Example 1 Write Linear Equations in Standard Form

Write two equations in standard form that are
equivalent to 4x + 2y = 12.

Solution
To write one equivalent equation, multiply each side
by 0.5 .
2x + y = 6
To write another equivalent equation, multiply each side
by 2 .
8x + 4y = 24

√Guided Practice Complete the following exercises.
1. Write two equations in standard form that are
equivalent to 6x - 4y = 6.
3x - 2y = 3; 12x - 8y = 12

2. Write two equations in standard form that are
equivalent to -12x + 6y = 29.
-4x + 2y = 23; -24x + 12y = -18

## Example 2 Write an equation from a graph

Write an equation in standard form of the line shown. Solution
Step 1 Calculate
the slope. Step 2 Write an equation in point-slope form.
Use the point (2, 4). Write point-slope form. Substitute 4 for y1, -2 for m, and 2 for x1.

Step 3 Rewrite the equation in standard form. Simplify. Collect variable terms on one side, constants on the other.

√Guided Practice Complete the following exercise.

3. Write an equation in standard form of the line
through (3, -1) and (2, -4).

y - 3x = -10

## Example 3 Write an equation of a line

Write an equation of the specified line.

 a. Line A b. Line B Solution a. Line A is a vertical line, so all points on the line have an x-coordinate of 3. An equation of the line is x = 3. b. Line B is a horizontal line, so all points on the line
have a y-coordinate of -6. An equation of the line is
y = -6.

## Example 4 Complete an equation in standard form

Find the unknown coefficient in the equation of the line
shown. Write the completed equation. Solution

Step 1 Find the value of A. Substitute the coordinates of
the given point for x and y in the equation. Solve
for A. Write equation. Substitute 2 for x and 1 for y. Simplify. Subtract 5 from each side. Divide by 2 .

Step 2 Complete the equation.
-4 x + 5y 5 -3 Substitute -4 for A.

√Guided Practice Complete the following exercise.

4. Write equations of the horizontal and vertical lines
that pass through (-10, 5).
Horizontal: y = 5; Vertical: x = -10

5. Find the missing coefficient in the equation of
the line that passes through (-2, 2). Write the
completed equation.
6x + By = 4
B = 8; 6x + 8y = 4